Infertility is ‘a disease of the reproductive system, defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse’ – WHO definition.
Male infertility is a common problem. However, it is often under investigated, with more emphasis being placed on the female. There is a semen problem in approximately one third of all couples having trouble conceiving.
Semen analysis involves measurement of volume and microscopic examination of the semen, to see how many sperm there are and ascertain whether they are functioning correctly.
A semen sample is collected and analysed for:-
The following figures are considered normal:-
Obviously, any figure outside of the normal range is considered abnormal. However, critical sperm values where fertility is normally impaired are:-
A low ejaculate volume may be the result of difficulty in collecting the whole sample, or a problem with sperm production.
A low sperm count may represent poorly functioning testes or a hormonal problem. Very low figures can suggest testicular failure or a genetic abnormality.
Low motility may be because of infection, poor diet (including antioxidants), immature sperm or exposure to toxins.
High numbers of abnormally shaped sperm does not mean a genetic abnormality, it simply means a decreased chance of fertility. This may occur secondary to exposure to toxins, or poor sperm construction.
Here at the Men’s Health Clinic we can arrange for you to have your semen analysed. Please book a Men’s Health Consultation quoting “Fertility Test”.